Mustafa Biomy and Eslam M. Ibrahim
Tamer Alsaied Alnaimy , Tamer Rushdy Elalfy and Mohammed A.Elkilany
Ahmed Mahmoud Hussein1 M.D.; Ahmed Abd Alaziz Mohammad1 M.D.; Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed Nasser2 M.Sc.
Sherif Essam Eldin Tawfik, MD; Abdelrahman Mohamed Salem, MD
Abdelrahman Mohammed, MD, Ahmed Kamal Gabr, MD, Sherif Essam Eldin Tawfik, MD
Ashraf Elsebaie MD, Ahmed Abdelsalam Hafiz MD, Ahmed Maher MD, Rasha Abdelkader MD
Ahmed M.S.M Marzouk, Haitham S. Omar
Hany F. Habashy
Maged Rihan, MD, MRCS
Karim Sabry (MD, MRCS) , Wael A Jumuah (MD) ,Yasser El Ghamrini (MD)
Ahmed Shoka, MD, MRCS, Fady Makram, MD, FACS, Mohamed Matar, MD, FACS.
Mohammed Matar,1 MD, FACS, Ahmed Shoka,1 MD, MRCS, Heba Nader,2 MD
Mokhtar Abd Elrahman Bahbah, MD; Ehab M Oraby, MD.
Youssif Khachaba, Waleed Reda, Ahmed Abd El Salam, Ahmed Samy Saad Hussein, Nadeen Mohamed El Essawy, Ashraf El Sebaie
Naguib Abdelkreem ElAskary MD, Ahmed Osmane MD
Mahmoud Hamda MS, Naguib Abdelkreem ElAskary MD, Ahmed Osmane MD
Ahmed M.S.M. Marzouk
1Waleed AlBadry, MSc, MRCS;1Raafat Gohar, MD; 1Ashraf El-Sebaie; 2Mohamed Salah, MD;1Mohamed Ashraf El Meleigy, MD
The Value of Preoperative Ultrasound In Predicting Technical Difficulties During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Background: In spite of advances made in laparoscopy with the development of higher technical skills,
there is still a reported significant incidence of serious complications during laparoscopic cholecystectomy
which may necessitates conversion to open surgery and in turn; may affect the post operative outcome. Aim
of work: Evaluation of preoperative sonography as a simple non-invasive method in predicting technical
difficulties in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients and Methods: Prospective clinical trial study
included 100 patients with chronic calcular cholecystitis underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Preoperative US was done for all of them measuring four parameters, namely, gall bladder size and wall
thickness, stone size and mobility. Then detecting their relation with intraoperative technical difficulties.
Results: Operation time was more with thickened gall bladder wall and with impacted stones. More
technical difficulties were encountered with stone impaction and size of gall bladder while conversion to
open was higher with thickened gall bladder wall.Conclusion : In spite of the importance in predicting
operation time and technical difficulties, no single sonographic parameter was reliable in predicting risk of
conversion to open surgery.
Keywords: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Technical difficulties, Preoperative sonography, Impacted
stones, Gall bladder.